State of the Standards: January 31, 2015

This comprehensive report on NISO’s standards and initiatives appears in the first issue of the year of ISQ to keep you informed of the scope and status of NISO’s program on an annual basis. If you have questions about any of the standards or development programs, contact the NISO office by phone (301-654-2512), via e-mail (, or visit the Standards section of the NISO website (

In Development

Listed below are the NISO working groups that are currently developing new or revised standards, recommended practices, or reports. Refer to the NISO website ( and the Newsline quarterly supplement, Working Group Connection (, for updates on the working group activities.

Alternative Metrics
Co-chairs: TBD
Working groups being established to address: definitions, calculation methodologies, improvement of data quality, use of persistent identifiers, and development of use cases for various communities.

Bibliographic Roadmap
Co-chairs: TBD

New work item to create standards on: Vocabulary policies on use and reuse, Vocabulary documentation, and Vocabulary preservation requirements.

Journal Article TAG Suite Standing Committee
Co-chairs: Jeff Beck, B. Tommie Usdin
Revision of the JATS standard (Z39.96-201x) in development; draft version 1.1d2 to be released for comment.

Journal Article Versions (JAV) Addendum
Chair: Open
Revised Recommended Practice (NISO RP-8-201x) in development.

Paper Permanence
Chair: TBD
Working group being formed to revise standard (NISO Z39.48-201x)

Protocol for Exchanging Serial Content
Co-chairs: Leslie Johnston, Kimberly Tryka
Recommended Practice (NISO RP-23-201x) being finalized for publication following the public comment period.

Standard Interchange Protocol (SIP)
Co-chairs: John Bodfish, Ted Koppel
Standard (NISO Z39.100-201x) in development.

Co-chairs: Paul Needham, Oliver Pesch
Technical Report (NISO TR-06-201x) in development.

US Profile of ISO 3166 Country Codes
Chair: TBD
Working group being formed to develop standard (Z39.101-201x)

In Revision

The following are published and approved NISO standards or recommended practices that are in the process of being revised.

NISO RP-8-201x
Journal Article Versions (JAV)

NISO Z39.48-201x
Permanence of Paper for Publications and Documents in Libraries and Archives

Periodic Review

The following published and approved NISO standards are either currently undergoing or will begin the five-year review process in 2015. The relevant Standing Committee, Maintenance Agency, or Topic Committee will make a recommendation for whether to reaffirm, revise, or withdraw the standard. If fifteen percent (15%) or more of the NISO voting membership joins a Voting Pool for each standard and balance requirements are met, ballots will be issued to approve the recommendation. If less than 15% of the membership joins a standard’s Voting Pool, the Board may initiate procedures for an administrative withdrawal.

See Section 7 of the NISO Procedures for more information periodic reviews (

ANSI/NISO Z39.2-1994 (R2009)
Information Interchange Format

ANSI/NISO Z39.18-2005 (R2010)
Scientific and Technical Reports - Preparation, Presentation, and Preservation

ANSI/NISO Z39.19-2005 (R2010)
Guidelines for the Construction, Format, and Management of Monolingual Controlled Vocabularies

ANSI/NISO Z39.29-2005 (R2010)
Bibliographic References

ANSI/NISO Z39.84-2005 (R2010)
Syntax for the Digital Object Identifier

ANSI/NISO Z39.88-2004 (R2010)
The OpenURL Framework for Context-Sensitive Services

ANSI/NISO/ISO 12083-1995 (R2009)
Electronic Manuscript Preparation and Markup

ANSI/NISO Z39.78-2000 (R2010)
Library Binding

Published and Approved NISO Standards

The following NISO standards are approved and published. Free downloadable copies of the standards are available from:

The notation R, e.g. R2002, indicates that the standard was reaffirmed in the specified year. Standards on a periodic maintenance schedule must be reviewed every five years. The notation S, e.g. S2015, indicates that the standard has been converted to stabilized maintenance. Stabilized maintenance removes a standard from the requirement for five-year periodic reviews. It is used for standards that address mature technology or practices and are not likely to require a revision.

* Highlighted rows indicate standards that are managed under continuous maintenance by an appointed Standing Committee. Comments and suggestion for revisions may be submitted at any time and are reviewed by the Standing Committees on a regular published schedule. When either a substantive revision is required or a significant number of changes have been approved, a revised standard is submitted for approval by the NISO consensus body. Such a revision may be completed at any time but no later than five years after the approval of the current version.

ANSI/NISO Z39.2-1994 (R2009)
Information Interchange Format

* ANSI/NISO Z39.7-2013
Information Services and Use: Metrics and Statistics for Libraries and Information Providers Data Dictionary

ANSI/NISO Z39.14-1997 (R2015)
Guidelines for Abstracts

ANSI/NISO Z39.18-2005 (R2010)
Scientific and Technical Reports – Preparation, Presentation, and Preservation

ANSI/NISO Z39.19-2005 (R2010)
Guidelines for the Construction, Format, and Management of Monolingual Controlled Vocabularies

ANSI/NISO Z39.23-1997 (S2015)
Standard Technical Report Number Format and Creation

ANSI/NISO Z39.29-2005 (R2010)
Bibliographic References

ANSI/NISO Z39.32-1996 (R2012)
Information on Microfiche Headers

ANSI/NISO Z39.41-1997 (S2015)
Placement Guidelines for Information on Spines

ANSI/NISO Z39.43-1993 (R2011)
Standard Address Number (SAN) for the Publishing Industry

ANSI/NISO Z39.48-1992 (R2009)
Permanence of Paper for Publications and Documents in Libraries and Archives

ANSI/NISO Z39.50-2003 (S2014)
Information Retrieval: Application Service Definition & Protocol Specification

ANSI/NISO Z39.71-2006 (R2011)
Holdings Statements for Bibliographic Items

ANSI/NISO Z39.73-1994 (R2012)
Single-Tier Steel Bracket Library Shelving

ANSI/NISO Z39.74-1996 (R2012)
Guides to Accompany Microform Sets

ANSI/NISO Z39.78-2000 (R2010)
Library Binding

* ANSI/NISO Z39.83-1-2012
NISO Circulation Interchange, Part 1: Protocol (NCIP), version 2.02

* ANSI/NISO Z39.83-2-2012
NISO Circulation Interchange Protocol (NCIP), Part 2: Protocol Implementation Profile 1, version 2.02

ANSI/NISO Z39.84-2005 (R2010)
Syntax for the Digital Object Identifier

ANSI/NISO Z39.85-2012
The Dublin Core Metadata Element Set

ANSI/NISO Z39.86-2005 (R2012)
Specifications for the Digital Talking Book

ANSI/NISO Z39.87-2006 (R2011)
Data Dictionary – Technical Metadata for Digital Still Images

ANSI/NISO Z39.88-2004 (R2010)
The OpenURL Framework for Context-Sensitive Services

ANSI/NISO Z39. 89-2003 (S2014)
The U.S. National Z39.50 Profile for Library Applications

* ANSI/NISO Z39.93-2014
The Standardized Usage Statistics Harvesting Initiative (SUSHI) Protocol

* ANSI/NISO Z39.96-2012
JATS: Journal Article Tag Suite

ANSI/NISO Z39.98-2012
Authoring and Interchange Framework for Adaptive XML Publishing Specification

ANSI/NISO Z39.99-2014
ResourceSync Framework Specification

ANSI/NISO/ISO 12083-1995 (R2009)
Electronic Manuscript Preparation and Markup U.S. adoption of ISO 12083

NISO Recommended Practices

NISO Recommended Practices are “best practices” or “guidelines” for methods, materials, or practices in order to give guidance to the user. These documents usually represent a leading edge, exceptional model, or proven industry practice. All elements of Recommended Practices are discretionary and may be used as stated or modified by the user to meet specific needs.

Free downloadable copies of these documents are available from:

Framework of Guidance for Building Good Digital Collections, 3rd edition, 2007

NISO RP-2005-01
Ranking of Authentication and Access Methods Available to the Metasearch Environment

Search and Retrieval Results Set Metadata,
version 1.0

NISO RP-2005-03
Search and Retrieval Citation Level Data Elements, version 1.0

NISO RP-2006-01
Best Practices for Designing Web Services in the Library Context

NISO RP-2006-02
NISO Metasearch XML Gateway Implementers Guide, version 1.0

NISO RP-6-2012
RFID in U.S. Libraries

NISO RP-7-2012
SERU: A Shared Electronic Resource Understanding

NISO RP-8-2008
Journal Article Versions (JAV)

NISO RP-9-2014
KBART: Knowledge Bases and Related Tools

NISO RP-10-2010
Cost of Resource Exchange (CORE) Protocol

NISO RP-11-2011
ESPReSSO: Establishing Suggested Practices Regarding Single Sign-On

NISO RP-12-2012
Physical Delivery of Library Resources

NISO RP-14-2014
NISO SUSHI Protocol: COUNTER-SUSHI Implementation Profile

NISO RP-15-2013
Recommended Practices for Online Supplemental Journal Article Materials

NISO RP-16-2013
PIE-J: The Presentation & Identification of E-Journals

NISO RP-17-2013
Institutional Identification: Identifying Organizations in the
Information Supply Chain

NISO RP-19-2014
Open Discovery Initiative: Promoting Transparency in Discovery

NISO RP-20-2014
Demand Driven Acquisition of Monographs

NISO RP-21-2013
Improving OpenURLs Through Analytics (IOTA): Recommendations for Link Resolver Providers

NISO RP-22-2015
Access License and Indicators

NISO RP-24-2015
Transfer Code of Practice, version 3.0

NISO Technical Reports

NISO Technical Reports provide useful information about a particular topic, but do not make specific recommendations about practices to follow. They are thus “descriptive” rather than “prescriptive” in nature. Proposed standards that do not result in consensus may be published as technical reports.

Free downloadable copies of these documents are available from:

Environmental Guidelines for the Storage of Paper Records
by William K. Wilson

NISO TR01-1995

Guidelines for Indexes and Related Information Retrieval Devices

by James D. Anderson
NISO TR02-1997

Guidelines for Alphabetical Arrangement of Letters & Sorting of Numerals
& Other Symbols
by Hans H. Wellisch
NISO TR03-1997

Networked Reference Services: Question / Answer Transaction Protocol
NISO TR04-2006

IOTA Working Group Summary of Activities and Outcomes
NISO TR-05-2013

Withdrawn NISO Standards

In accordance with NISO procedures, standards may be withdrawn because they are superseded by a newer standard, a national version is withdrawn in favor of an international equivalent, or the content is deemed to be obsolete. In accordance with ANSI procedure, all American National Standards that are not revised or reaffirmed within ten years following ANSI approval are automatically administratively withdrawn. A list of all withdrawn NISO standards is available on the NISO website by checking of the “Show Inactive Projects” filter. ( Copies of these standards are available online or from the NISO office.

There were no standards withdrawn since the last State of the Standards report.