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CREC (Communication of Retractions, Removals, and Expressions of Concern) Working Group

NISO RP-45-2024, Communication of Retractions, Removals, and Expressions of Concern (CREC) Published!

The Communication of Retractions, Removals, and Expressions of Concern (CREC) Recommended Practice is now available! It was approved on June 26, 2024 and published on June 27, 2024.

Public Comment Period - Working Group Responses

The comment period for the draft Recommended Practice, NISO RP-45-202X, Communication of Retractions, Removals, and Expressions of Concern (CREC) was open from October 18 to December 2, 2023.

The CREC Working Group reviewed and responded to all comments received. The Working Group's responses can be obtained from this spreadsheet.


Retracted research is published work that is withdrawn, removed, or otherwise invalidated from the scientific and scholarly record. This may occur for many different reasons, which can include error, misconduct, or fraud. Although retraction is relatively rare, it has an outsized impact. Retracted research that is integrated into the scientific publication network via citations--either before or after retraction--enables the inadvertent propagation of potentially unsupported or fabricated data, fundamental errors, and unreproducible results.  Once a decision is made to retract, to withdraw, or to publish an expression of concern by an appropriately authorized organization, how do the scholarly communications ecosystem and other information consumers become aware of and share information about the status of the original object?

This working group is creating a NISO Recommended Practice that describes the involved parties, along with their responsibilities, actions, notifications, and the metadata necessary to communicate retracted research across stakeholders' systems.  The NISO CREC Recommended Practice will address the dissemination of retraction information (metadata & display) to support a consistent, timely transmission of that information to the reader (machine or human), directly or through citing publications, addressing requirements both of the retracted publication and of the retraction notice or expression of concern. It will not address the questions of what a retraction is or why an object is retracted. It will be consistent with guidelines on retractions published by Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), and the Council of Science Editors.

This working group began its work in Summer 2022.  It was known until September as the "CORREC Working Group" but decided to change its acronym to help with understanding about its scope of work.


Committee Roster



Tilla Edmunds

Director, Web of Science Content Management
Clarivate Analytics

Annette Flanagin

Executive Managing Editor, Vice President, Editorial Operations
JAMA and The JAMA Network

Joyce Griffin

Senior Manager, Research Integrity & Publishing Ethics

Emily Hazzard

Product Operations Analyst
Silverchair Information Systems

Marie McVeigh

Lead, Peer Review Operations and Publication Integrity
Mary Ann Liebert

Rachel Safer

Senior Publisher, Journals
Oxford University Press

Jodi Schneider

Associate Professor
University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign

Jessica Slater

Research and Data Analyst
American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)

David Wright

Editor, Directory of Periodicals
Modern Language Association

Jen Wright

Research Services Manager
Cambridge University Press

Maria Zalm

Senior Editor, Publication Ethics
Public Library of Science (PLOS)